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Driving lesson No.1-Theory and driving
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clutch                        brake                    accelerator   

We use a gear lever, hand brake, steering wheel and indicator.





                                                                                                                          friction point


fully depressed

   Firstly the clutch pedal is in released position. Than we press it fully in, we select gear, accelerate and then we release the clutch pedal outwards slowly.

  Releasing the clutch pedal makes the 2 plates of the clutch to get closer and closer together. When we reach the middle of the way the car start moving slowly because the 2 plates of the clutch touch each other sliding. So when the left plate makes 6 revolutions, the right makes 1 for example, but this 1 revolution reach the wheels that’s why the car move.

  From this moment you have to release the pedal very slowly for about 2 centimeters. When the pedal is at this new position 100 % of the rotations of the left plate are transferred to the right plate and even if we release the pedal fast after this point the plates will not bounce, they will rotate as one and the car will not jerk. This zone in the middle I call friction zone. The position of the pedal there is FRICTION POINT. We must remember this point in a future.

  So we understand why we need to release the clutch slowly(because of the 2 plates of the clutch), we know where we must be extremely carefully-at the friction point. The question is how to release the clutch so slowly to be successful ?

  There are 3 ways to release the clutch:

  1. By lifting the heel of the floor

  2. By sliding the heel on the floor backwards  

  3. By sticking the heel on the floor and releasing the clutch pedal by moving our toes backwards.

 The first one is worst. If you adopt it you are in trouble. You will cut the engine often until you get use to and it’s quiet likely to roll on the test. In South Africa this is instant fail. That’s why the people usually fail the driving test. The last one is the best.

 What I advise you is: Press the clutch with your toes fully, then step with your heal on the floor firmly and after selecting gear and accelerating release the clutch by moving your toes outwards slowly until you reach the friction point. This is the place where the car start to move slowly. Once the car start moving stop the pedal where it is and after 2 meters of driving you may release the clutch pedal slowly. That’s how you start driving.

 Now the rest of the lesson is practical-driving with first gear. In a process of driving from time to time I must explain you few things:

         - How you control the speed while you turn and how you turn at the intersections

Controlling the speed and steering at intersection

  Regarding the speed control – you have to slow down from the beginning of the turn to the middle to be able to take the turn. Then you have to accelerate because you lost speed in the process of driving. You behave this way usually on the normal, horizontal way. If it’s uphill you have to slow down less and accelerate earlier because the gravity contribute to reducing the speed

Turn right Slow down Accelerate Straighten Controlling the speed on uphill Slow down Accelerate Controlling the speed on downhill Slow down Accelerate

  When it is a down hill you need to slow down more and accelerate later because the gravity try to increase the speed. But in general you reduce to the middle and increase from the middle.

  - Slowing down and stopping. Most of the time when you drive fast and then you need to stop or it’s down hill and you need to      stop you have to combine slowing down followed by stopping. How you slow down-by pressing the brake only. Remember,      this is the best way to slow down and that is how they want you to slow down on the test. How do you stop- by pressing      clutch and brake. So you are approaching stop sign on down hill or you drive fast for example. First you apply brake and      about 5-6 meters from the stop line you apply clutch and brake.

  For the rest of the lesson you drive as you stop from time to time to practice stopping and taking off. After stopping you go to neutral gear and release the pedals. Then you take off and drive again.